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Patna is a very important place for the followers of Sikhism. It is also the birth place of Guru Gobind Singh. The city is a home to many Gurudwaras that were built at different point of time in history. The Sikhs from overseas visit this city of Bihar during special occasions to worship their Gurus.
The Gurudwaras in Patna are:
•Takht Shri Harimandir Sahib •Gurudwara Pahila Bara •Gurudwara Guru Ka Bagh •Gurudwara Gobind Ghat •Gurudwara Bal Leela •Gurudwara Handi Singh
Takht Shri Harimandir Sahib, Patna Sahib
Patna is the birthplace of the tenth Sikh Guru Govind Singh and this Gurudwara was built on his birthplace.. He had spent the initial years of his life here. He was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. The gurudwara was built by King Ranjit Singh. This structure was built on the banks of river Ganga and is one the holiest shrines for the Sikhs. Many personal items of the Guru is being kept here.
Gurudwara Pahila Bara
It is one of the oldest Gurudwara in Bihar. It is famously called Gurudwara Ghai Ghat for its location and is dedicated to Guru Nanak. This gurudwara was initially the residence of a confectioner Bhagat Jaitamal. Guru Nanak during one of his visit had stayed at his place for a few days. Bhagat eventually became an ardent follower of Guru Nanak and turned his abode to a dharamsala (religious rest house). Later, Guru Teg Bahadur along with his family consecrated this house. One can see his bed, a grindstone of Mata Gujri etc that are well preserved in the gurudwara which is located in Alamganj Mohalla of Patna.
Gurudwara Guru Ka Bagh
When Guru Teg Bahadur was in Assam, he received the news of the birth of his son Guru Gobind Singh in Patna. Extremely elated the Guru paid a visit and stayed in the garden of Nawab Rahim Baksh And Karim Baksh. His steps in this dried and barren land transformed it to lush green. The astonished Nawabs paid a visit to the Guru seeking his blessings and gave the garden to him as a tribute. The garden was then called locally as Guru Ka bagh. The present gurudwara was constructed in memory of the special occasion of father meeting son.
Gurudwara Gobind Ghat
Gurudwara Gobind Ghat is also known as Kangan Ghat. There is a story behind its name. It is said that Guru Gobind Singh in his childhood had thrown his gold bangle in this part where in the later years the guruwdara was constructed under the direction of Havaldar Modan Singh. This ghat is a confluence of Hem Ganga and Alaknanda River. This place is at a distance of 200 yards from Takht Shri Harimandir Sahib. The gurudwara has a huge hall that is used for Langar (common kitchen/canteen where food is served for free).
Gurudwara Bal Leela
The shrine stands on the home of the Raja Fateh Chand Maim. The Raja and the Rani had no children. The Rani used to treat young Govind Rai by treating him with chole and poori. The Rani built a gurudwara , when Govind Rai left Patna. Chole and Poori were served to the worshipers. The tradition continued and still the food is served to the visitors.
Gurudwara Handi Singh
Gurudwara Handi Singh is situated in Danapur at a distance of 20 km from Patna city. When Guru Gobind Singh accompanied by his family was leaving for Punjab, thousands of people followed him. The guru stopped at this place to take rest for some time. A lady carrying a handi (pitcher) full of Khichdi (porridge) expressed her desire to feed him and requested him to spend some more time before his final departure from Patna. The guru kept her words and told her till the time Khichdi would be served here one could feel his presence. The shrine was subsequently built and named Gurudwara Handi Singh.