Takht Sri Patna Sahib
Also known as Takht Sri Patna Sahib, this is one of the holiest of the five takhts in Sikhism. Near to this place is Haveli of Salis Rai Jouri, a great devotee of Guru Nanak. Har Mandir Takht located in the Chowk area of old Patna was previously known as Kucha Farrukh Khan, but now it is called as Harmandir Gali. This Gurudwara lodges the belongings of the Guru and also few Sikh holy texts. The tenth guru of the Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh was born here on December 22, 1666. Gurudwara Patna Sahib is highly revered structure and serves as an important centre for Sikhism in the east. Takht Sri Patna Sahib is the second most renowned and widely accepted Takht of the Sikhs. This Gurdwara was built on the banks of the river Ganga by Maharaja Ranjit Singh (1780-1839), the first Maharaja of the Sikh Empire.
History behind Takht Sri Patna Sahib
It is believed that Guru Gobind Singh was born here at this place and had spent his early years of childhood here before moving over to Anandpur. Besides that, Guru Nanak and Guru Tegh Bahadur have also visited Patna, which makes this place sacred for the Sikhs. This Gurdwara in Patna is considered as one of the important pilgrim sites by the Sikhs. According to history Guru Nanak visited this place before proceeding to the holy place Gaya. Salis Rai Jouri’s opulant haveli is also situated at this place. Salis Rai Jouri’s a great devotee of Guru Nanak Guru Nanak’s converted his palatial home into a dharamsala for the devotees. When Guru Tegh Bahadur visited Patna, he too stayed at this place. Later,a huge mansion was built above the dharamsala of Salis Rai .
Harmandir was also called 'Sangat' and was held in great regard and veneration among the Sikhs in 18th century. In 1839 the place was destroyed in a fire. Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the famous Sikh king undertook the reconstruction of the Harmandir.However he did not survive to see the new structure. In 1934,a powerful earthquake had struck the state of Bihar and the tremors were felt in Patna too. As a result of which some portions of the Harmandir was destroyed again. The reconstruction was started on November 19, 1954 and was completed in about three years time.
Articles & Relics preserved at Takhat Patna Saheb
Various historical relics and articles related to Sikhism are preserved at Takhat Patna Saheb. Some of the popular ones are listed below: Here you can find "Sri Guru Granth Saheb", containing the signature of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji Maharaj.
Apart from "Sri Guru Granth Saheb" there are many articles and relics belonging to childhood and boyhood days of the tenth Guru of Sikhism. Here you can find
- An oil painting "Chhabi Saheb" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji
- A small cradle "Panghura Saheb" for infant Guru Gobind Singhji Maharaj
- A “Saif"(Sword) and Four iron "Arrows" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji Maharaj
- One earthen round "Goli" and small iron "Chakri" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji Maharaj
- One small iron "Khanda" and "Baghnakh-khanjer" of Sri Guru Gobind Singhji Maharaj;
- One wooden Comb and two iron "Chaker" belonging to Sri Guru Gobind Singhji Maharaj;
- A pair "Sandal" used by Sri Guru Gobind Singhji Maharaj
- A pair "Sandal" used by Sri Guru Tegh Bahadurji Maharaj;
- Three wooden spinning instruments of Sri Kabir Saheb;
How to Reach Takht Sri Patna Sahib ?
Takht Sri Patna Sahib is situated in the north eastern part of Patna. It is located in one of the old quarters of Patna city, which was earlier called as Kucha Farrukh Khan. Presently it is known as Harmandir Gali. The place can be easily reached by taxis, autos, private vehicles or local buses.