Tourism in Patna
Patna, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world, dating back to 2500 years. The city is dotted with ancient structures and monuments. Patna , is a place for major tourist attraction.About 2.5 million people visit it every day.Megasthenis, visited ancient Patna , during the rule of Chandragupta Maurya. His observations were made in the Indica. Dionysius, was the son of Megasthenes , who visited Pataliputra , during the reign of Ashoka the great. Fa-Hien, a Chinese tourist tarvelled to the region, to acquire Chinese scriptures. Hieun-Tsang, visited the Buddhist sites in Magadha and spent time in the Nalanda University.
Tourism, in the ancient times was purely due to educational purpose. Patna, is one of the cities from where the relgions like Buddhism and Jainism and Sikhism have flourished. There are many people who visited Patna, for educational tourism and the Government is promoting venture tourism. The better side of Bihar is constituted by it’s cultural background and the widespread places of tourists , in it’s preserved and natural form.
Some of the places of tourist interest are Gandhi Maidan - which has been a witness to many freedom struggle movements like Champaran and the Quit India movements. It is located on the banks of the river Ganges.
In the western corner of the ground lies the Gandhi Sangrahalaya, which showcases various pictures and records of Mahatma Gandhi’s presence and connections with Bihar. Then we have Mahatma Gandhi Setu- which connects Patna with Hajipur. It is one of the longest bridges in the world. It was built by Gammon India. Next, we have Patna Museum, which was built in 1917. The architechture style is Mughal and Rajput. It has many metal and sculptures , dating back to Gupta and Mauryan times. It has the first world war cannon and a 200 years old fossilized tree. Patna Planetarium is one of the major centres for the foreign tourists. Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan has 800 animals and 110 species. The zoo, is also the house of 300 species of trees, shrubs and herbs. Patan Devi temple has two temples – the Badi Patan Devi and the Chotti patan Devi.
There are lots of foreign tourists during the Vijaydashami days. Padri ki Haveli, which is also called St. Mary’s Church.It was built , when Roman Catholics, first entered the city. It is one of the oldest church of Bihar. It was redesigned by Tirreto in 1772. It has a wonderful bell with inscriptions. Khuda Baksh Oriental Library , was built in 1900. It has a rare collection of Arabic and Persian manuscripts and paintings from Mughal and Rajput eras. The Martyr’s memorial commemorates the sacrifices made by the workers of the freedom struggle, particularly for the Quit India Movement of 1942. Begu Hajjam’s mosque. The founder of the Hussaini dynasty constructed this and later it was remodelled by a barber called Begu Hajjam and named after him.
The various excursion sites are mentioned below.
This is a small village , surrounded by bananas and mango grove s and rice fields. Archaeological excavations, have brought out a fort, which was built by the King Vishal, which finds a reference in the epic Ramayana. Buddha preached his last cermon here. Mahavir, the founder of Jainism, was born here.
This is on the border of India and Nepal. The paintings of this region , by the same name as the place, are famous. Ordinary rural women paint animals and other figures, with local cotton and vegetable dyes.
It is an important place of pilgrimage for Muslims.
PAWAPURI & SASARAM:
This is the place where Mahavira, the founder of Jainism , attained Nirvana. Sasaram , has the beautiful tomb of Sher Shah Suri, who captured the throne of Delhi.
STANDARD SIGHT SEEING TOURS:
This includes the Harmindir temple, built in marble, by Maharaja Ranjit Singh (19 Century); Golghar – a huge Beehive shaped granary; The Patna Museum containing original Chinese and Tibetan scrolls and the Khudabaksh oriental library.