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Patna being the capital of Bihar has a very good transport system. It is well connected with all other districts of Bihar by roadways and railways. One can travel to all the metro cities from Bihar or can come to this city by airways.
Jaiprakash Narayan Airport was built in 1973 and runs both domestic and international flights. It is situated at a distance of 5 km southwest of Patna. The airport also has a cargo terminal. Taking it into consideration, the airport has provided baggage services, places to shop and eat, duty free shopping etc for the passengers. The airport at Patna is 125 km from Bodh Gaya and 90 km from Bodh Gaya. There are lots of public transportation available from the airport. In 2009, Patna Airport, has reported a 42.8 per cent growth on aircraft movement, the highest in the country, handling 7,456 flights compared to the earlier figure of 5,220 in 2008-09. Air Deccan, Jetlite, Jet Airways etc are some of the carriers operating from the Patna airport.
Major stations from the North, Central, and the West are directly connected to Patna. Amritsar, Kolkata, Delhi , Mumbai, Guwahati , all have direct connections with Patna. Patna Junction railway station is one of the major stations of the East Central Railways. The city has five major railway stations and its railway network is connected to the major cities in India.
Patna , is well connected by road to Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Rajgir, Varanasi and Gorakhpur. There are regular buses between Patna and Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, Kolkata, Siliguri (for Darjeeling) and Varanasi. It is 125 km from Bodhgaya and 90 km from Nalanda, 100 km from Rajgir, 250 km from Varanasi and 653 km from Kolkata. Due to the initiative of Bihar Road Transport Corporation, traveling by bus has become very comfortable because of its easy availability. There are local buses and buses that travel to other districts as well. Volvo Bus service is one of the recent initiatives of the Transport Department.
JICA (The Japan International Corporation Agency), is extending a loan for upgrading and widening two major highways in the Buddhist circuit. One of them is from Patna to Dobhi. The Patna Bakhtiyarpur NH 30 , used to witness frequent road jams, which is due to be removed, as this will be converted into a 50 km four lane expressway, under the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI). This project will be completed in a few years. Bihar, has another ambitious projects, matching marine drive in Mumbai. This is the 21.5 km Ganga Path, coming up in Patna by June, 2015. This is, one of the country’s biggest PPP projects. It will ease out the traffic load from five national highways, passing through Patna.
Bihar is well connected by National Waterway No. 1 and it has fixed Terminal at Patna, at Gai Ghat.
Other means of Transport
People commute to nearby places in the city by auto rickshaws. There are 24 hour door-to-door services, Patna Easy Auto Services and Patna prepaid Taxi services. They also take the passengers to the railway stations, airports and bus stations at odd hours.The highly improved transport facility has given a boost to the Tourism industry and export-import business of the city. It has also led to the easy availability of various goods and services. Another popular means of transport are the Tongas and the cycle rickshaws.